Identifikasi dan Latar Belakang Sejarah Tinggalan Arkeologis Jangkar di Perairan Kepulauan Sangihe


  • Fairuz Azis Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • nfn. Musadad Departemen Arkeologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada



identification, historical background, anchor, Sangihe Islands


Archaeological findings of anchors in the waters of the Sangihe Islands are new data for archaeology, especially maritime archaeology in Indonesia. In this study, a study was carried out through a maritime archaeological approach and compared it with related historical data to determine the shape characteristics, identity, and historical background of the anchor’s to show possessive. This study aims to open new insights in maritime archaeology research in Indonesia, especially in anchor research. The result of this study shows that the anchor findings in the waters of the Sangihe Islands are classified as admiralty anchor types. The admiralty anchor is an anchor design developed and used by the British Royal Navy’s ships. Based on the maritime history of the Sulawesi sea region, there are several possible historical backgrounds related to the existence of anchors found in the waters of the Sangihe Islands. The first possibility is related to the disputes between foreign nations that rule around the Sulawesi Sea region. The second possibility is related to the existence of pirates in the Sulawesi Sea region.


Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe. Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe Dalam Angka 2018. , (2018).

Ciarlo, N. C., Rosa, H. De, Elkin, D., Svoboda, H., Vázquez, C., Vainstub, D., & Perdiguero, L. D. (2011). Examination of an 18th-century English anchor from Puerto Deseado ( Santa Cruz province , Argentina ). Historical Metallurgy, 45(1), 71–79.

Claggett, D. (2017). A Typological Assessment of Anchors used in Northern Europe During the Early and High Middle Ages , CE 750 - 1300. Flinders University of South Australia.

Cotsell, G. (1856). A Treatise On Ships’ Anchors. London: John Weale.

Dobre, L. M. (2019). Underwater Archaeology In The County Of Constanta - Ancient Wooden Anchors With Lead Crosspiece Discovered In The Black Sea. Romanian Journal of Historical Studies, II(2), 9–21.

Dunkley, M. (2016). Introductions to Heritage Assets Ships and Boats: 1840 - 1950 (Second Edi; P. Stamper, Ed.). London: Historic England.

Eliyahu, M., Barkai, O., Goren, Y., Eliaz, N., Kahanov, Y., & Ashkenazi, D. (2011). The Iron Anchors from The Tantura F Shipwreck: Typological and Metallurgical Analyses. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38(2), 233–245.

Green, J. (2004). Maritime Archaeology A Technical Handbook (Second Edi). London: Elsevier Academic Press.

Himpunan Mahasiswa Arkeologi. (2017). Laporan Penelitian Himpunan Mahasiswa Arkeologi: Inventarisasi Potensi Tinggalan Budaya Arkeologi Maritim Di Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara Abad 18-19 Masehi. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Irwin, G. (1955). Nineteenth-Century Borneo: A Study In Diplomacy Rivalry. University of Malaya.

Kapitan, G. (1984). Ancient Anchors-technology and Classification. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration, 13(1), 33–44.

Lapian, A. B. (2009). Orang laut, Bajak Laut, Raja Laut: Sejarah Kawasan Laut Sulawesi Abad XIX. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu.

Moll, F. (1927). The History of The Anchor. The Mariner’s Mirror, 13(4), 293–332.

Nutley, D. (2000). Old Pattern Admiralty Long Shanked Anchor North Head, Sydney: Conservation Management Plan. New South Wales: NSW Heritage Office.

Saleeby, N. M. (1908). The History of Sulu. Manila: Bureau of Public Printing.

Sonjaya, J. A. (2018). Sangihe: Menyelami Kehidupan Agraris dan Maritim di Nusa Utara. Jakarta: Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Tahir, A., & Noor, A. M. (2013). Visual Operasi Menghapus Serangan Lanun di Nusantara dari Laporan “The Ilustrated London News”, 1845-1872. Jurnal Sejarah, 22(2), 35–55.

Tanudirjo, D. A. (1998). Ragam Metode Penelitian Arkeologi Dalam Skripsi Mahasiswa Arkeologi Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Sastra UGM.

The Nautical Archaeology Society. (n.d.). Stocked Anchor Definitions. Diambil 28 Oktober 2020, dari

Ulaen, A. J. (2016). Nusa Utara Dari Lintasan Niaga Ke Daerah Perbatasan. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Warren, J. F. (1996). Looking Back on “The Sulu Zone”: State Formation, Slave Raiding and Ethnic Diversity in Southeast Asia. Journal of The Malaysian Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society, 69(22), 21–33.